Origins of the American Deaf-World: Assimilating and Differentiating Societies and Their Relation to Genetic Patterning

Autor/a: LANE, Harlan; PILLARD, Richard C.; FRENCH, Mary
Año: 2000
Editorial: Sign Language Studies, Vol. 1, nº 1 (2000) pp. 17-44
Tipo de código: Copyright
Soporte: Digital


Comunidad y cultura sorda


The Deaf-World in the United States has major roots in a triangle of New England Deaf communities that flourished early in the nineteenth century: Henniker, New Hampshire; Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts; and Sandy River Valley, Maine. The social fabric of these communities differed, a reflection of language and marriage practices that were underpinned, we hypothesize, by differences in genetic patterning. In order to evaluate that hypothesis, this article uses local records and newspapers, genealogies, the silent press, Edward Fay’s census of Deaf marriages (1898), and Alexander Graham Bell’s notebooks (1888) to illuminate the Henniker Deaf community for the first time and to build on prior work concerning the Vineyard community