Individual Differences in Language Performance after Cochlear Implantation at One to Three Years of Age: Child, Family, and Linguistic Factors

Autor/a: SPENCER, Patricia E.
Año: 2004
Editorial: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education. Vol. 9, Nº 4 (2004)
Tipo de código: DOI
Código: doi:10.1093/deafed/e
Soporte: Digital


Educación » Adquisición y desarrollo del lenguaje


Language skills were investigated in a multicultural sample of 13 prelingually deaf children (11 profoundly deaf from birth) who received cochlear implants between 14 and 38 months of age; average duration of implant use was 49 months. Individual postimplant language skills ranged from extremely delayed to age appropriate. On average, skills varied across domains: on vocabulary, several children functioned in the average range compared with hearing peers, but all were below that range on a test emphasizing syntax (CELF-P). Children with preimplant hearing experience had the highest scores on all language measures. Excluding these children, age of implantation (range 14 to 27 months) associated inversely and significantly with CELF-P scores, even when nonverbal IQ was controlled. Qualitative analyses indicated higher child language achievement associated with parents’ reports of lengthy, in-depth pro- cesses to decide about cochlear implantation. Such reports may indicate high levels of ongoing parent involvement with child and programming.