Educating Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing: Total Communication

Año: 1997
Editorial: ERIC Digests, nº 559 (1997)
Tipo de código: Copyright
Soporte: Digital


Medios de comunicación y acceso a la información » Sistemas alternativos de comunicación


Total communication (TC), a term coined by Roy Holcomb in 1967, is the title of a philosophy of communication, not a method (Scouten, 1984). Total communication may involve one or several modes of communication (manual, oral, auditory, and written), depending on the particular needs of the child. The original expectation of TC was for teachers to use the communication method(s) most appropriate for a particular child at a particular stage of development. Therefore, there would be situations when spoken communication might be appropriate, other situations where signing might be appropriate, others that would call for written communication, and still others where simultaneous communication might work best (Solit, Taylor & Bednarczyk, 1992).