Bidirectional Skeleton-Based Isolated Sign Recognition using Graph Convolution Networks and Transfer Learning

Autor/a: DAFNIS, Konstantinos M.; CHRONI, Evgenia; NEIDLE, Carol; METAXAS, Dimitri
Año: 2022
Editorial: European Language Resources Association
Tipo de código: Copyright
Soporte: Digital


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To improve computer-based recognition from video of isolated signs from American Sign Language (ASL), we propose a new skeleton-based method that involves explicit detection of the start and end frames of signs, trained on the ASLLVD dataset; it uses linguistically relevant parameters based on the skeleton input. Our method employs a bidirectional learning approach within a Graph Convolutional Network (GCN) framework. We apply this method to the WLASL dataset, but with corrections to the gloss labeling to ensure consistency in the labels assigned to different signs; it is important to have a 1-1 correspondence between signs and text-based gloss labels. We achieve a success rate of 77.43% for top-1 and 94.54% for top-5 using this modified WLASL dataset. Our method, which does not require multi-modal data input, outperforms other state-of-the-art approaches on the same modified WLASL dataset, demonstrating the importance of both attention to the start and end frames of signs and the use of bidirectional data streams in the GCNs for isolated sign recognition.

Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2022).