American Sign Language: the phonological base

Autor/a: LIDDELL, Scott K.; JOHNSON, Robert E.
Año: 1989
Editorial: Sign Language Studies. Nº 64 (1989) pp. 195-278
Tipo de código: DOI
Código: 10.1353/sls.1989.002
Soporte: Digital


Lingüística » Lingüística de otras Lenguas de Signos


This paper has the ambitious goal of outlining the phonological structures and processes we have analyzed in American Sign Language (ASL). In order to do this we have divided the paper into five parts. In section 1 we detail the types of sequential phenomena found in the production of individual signs, allowing us to argue that ASL signs are composed of sequences of phonological segments, just as are words in spoken languages. Section 2 provides the details of a segmental phonetic transcription system. Using the descriptions made available by the transcription system, Section 3 briefly discusses both paradigmatic and syntagmatic contrast in ASL signs. Section 4 deals with the various types of phonological processes at work in the language, processes remarkable in their similarity to phonological processes found in spoken languages. We conclude the paper with an overview of the major typed of phonological effects of ASL’s rich system of morphological processes.